Better Together Report Endnotes

Endnotes

  1. Reavis, L. U. (1875, January 01). Saint Louis: The Future Great City of the World. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/saintlouisfuture00inreav/page/n9
  2. Wanko, A. (2017, August 22). “The Great Divorce” [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://mohistory.org/blog/the-great-divorce/
  3. Wanko, A. (2017, August 22). “The Great Divorce” [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://mohistory.org/blog/the-great-divorce/
  4. Huber, J. (2013, December 19). “The History and Possibilities of a St. Louis City-County Reunification.” Retrieved from https://nextstl.com/2010/05/the-history-and-possibilities-of-a-st-louis-city-county-reunification/
  5. Bose, R. (2016, February 24). “Summary of City-County Reorganization Attempts According to Fragmented by Design by E. Terrence Jones.” Retrieved from https://nextstl.com/2014/02/summary-attempts-city-county-reorganization-according-fragmented-design-e-terrence-jones/
  6. Gordon, C. (2008). Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City (pp. 39-69). Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  7. Better Together. (2016, January). General Administration Study #4: The Impact of Fragmentation on Civic Engagement (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/General-Administration-Study-4-Final.pdf
  8. Gordon, C. (2008). Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City (p. 46). Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  9. Gordon, C. (2008). Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.; Rothstein, R. (2018). The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. New York, NY: Liveright Publishing Corporation, a division of W. W. Norton & Company.
  10. Shelley v. Kraemer, 334 (May 3, 1948).
  11. University of Missouri St. Louis Public Policy Research Center. (2015). An Equity Assessment of the St. Louis Region (Rep.). Retrieved from http://pprc.umsl.edu/pprc.umsl.edu/data/stl_equity_assessment_may2015.pdf
  12. Opportunity Insights. (n.d.). “What We Do.” Retrieved from https://opportunityinsights.org/
  13. City of St. Louis. (2018). Equity Indicators: Toward a St. Louis region that works for us all (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.stlouis-mo.gov/government/departments/mayor/initiatives/resilience/equity/documents/upload/Equity-Indicators-Baseline-2018-Report-D…
  14. City of St. Louis. (2018). Equity Indicators: Toward a St. Louis region that works for us all (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.stlouis-mo.gov/government/departments/mayor/initiatives/resilience/equity/documents/upload/Equity-Indicators-Baseline-2018-Report-D…
  15. City of St. Louis. (n.d.). “Child Well-Being.” Retrieved from https://www.stlouis-mo.gov/government/departments/mayor/initiatives/resilience/equity/youth/wellbeing/index.cfm
  16. Badger, E. (2015, February 18). “What happens when a metropolitan area has way too many governments.” Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/02/18/what-happens-when-a-metropolitan-area-has-way-too-many-governments/?utm_term=.1f22ee92e8…
  17. Pistor, N. J. (2013, November 20). “Better Together group launches discussion of city-county governance.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved from https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/metro/better-together-group-launches-discussion-of-city-county-governance/article_be4c0be0-2bdf-58b6-98be-2…
  18. Better Together. (n.d.). “General Administration.” Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/generaladministration
  19. Better Together. (n.d.). “Public Finance.” Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/studies/public-finance
  20. East-West Gateway Council of Governments. (2011). An Assessment of the Effectiveness and Fiscal Impacts of the Use of Development Incentives in the St. Louis Region (p. 35). Retrieved from https://www.ewgateway.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/TIFFinalRpt.pdf
  21. Coleman, D., Murphy, B. (2014, May). Economic Development (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Better-Together-Economic-Development-Report-FULL-REPORT.pdf
  22. Better Together. (2014, May). Economic Development Study: Business and Licensing Regulations (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Better-Together-Economic-Development-Report-Business-Licensing-and-Regulation-1.pdf
  23. Ross, W., MD, MPH. (2014, August). Public Health (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Better-Together-Public-Health-Report-FULL-REPORT.pdf
  24. Hoornbeek, J., Budnik, A., Beechey, T., & Filla, J. (2012, June 30). Consolidating Health Departments in Summit County, Ohio: A One Year Retrospective (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.phsharing.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/2012-PD24-Nixon-NACCHO-Youre-Not-Alone-July-2012.pdf
  25. Jacoby, J. (2016, June 7). “The Saga of Senate Bill 5: How a well-intended, post-Ferguson bill exposed the many fault lines of St. Louis County.” The Common Reader. Retrieved from https://commonreader.wustl.edu/c/saga-senate-bill-5/
  26. Better Together. (2014, October). Municipal Courts Report Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/BT-Municipal-Courts-Report-Executive-Summary.pdf
  27. Better Together. (2014, October). Public Safety - Municipal Courts (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/BT-Municipal-Courts-Report-Full-Report1.pdf
  28. Better Together. (2014, October). Public Safety - Municipal Courts (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/BT-Municipal-Courts-Report-Full-Report1.pdf
  29. Jacoby, J. (2016, June 07). “The Saga of Senate Bill 5: How a well-intended, post-Ferguson bill exposed the many fault lines of St. Louis County.” The Common Reader. Retrieved from https://commonreader.wustl.edu/c/saga-senate-bill-5/
  30. The Ferguson Commission. (2015, October 14). Forward Through Ferguson: A Path Toward Racial Equity (Rep.). Retrieved from https://3680or2khmk3bzkp33juiea1-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/101415_FergusonCommissionReport.pdf;
  31. Police Executive Research Forum. (2015, April 30). Overcoming the Challenges and Creating a Regional Approach to Policing in St. Louis City and County (Rep.) Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/PERF-Report-Overcoming-the-Challenges.pdf
  32. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #1: Regional Overview Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-1-Exec-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  33. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #1: Regional Overview Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-1-Exec-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  34. Police Executive Research Forum. (2015, April 15). Overcoming the Challenges and Creating a Regional Approach to Policing in St. Louis City and County Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/PERF-Report-Overcoming-the-Challenges-ExecutiveSummary.pdf
  35. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #1: Regional Overview Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-1-Exec-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  36. Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies. (n.d.). “Benefits of Accreditation.” Retrieved from https://www.calea.org/benefits-accreditation
  37. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #1: Regional Overview Executive Summary (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-1-Exec-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  38. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #2: Licensure and Accreditation (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-2-Licensure-and-Accreditation-Full-Report-FINAL1.pdf
  39. Municipal League of Metro St. Louis. (2017, November 30). “Law Enforcement Agreement Approved to Bring Regional Consistency to Police Departments” [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.stlmuni.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/2017-11-30-SLAPCA-Best-Practices-Final.pdf
  40. Better Together. (2015, April). Public Safety - Police Report #3: Equipment, Dispatch, and Mutual Aid (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/BT-Police-Report-3-Full-Report.pdf
  41. Better Together. (2015, September). Fire Protection Study #1 (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Fire-Protection-Study-1-Executive-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  42. Better Together. (2015, September). Fire Protection Study #1 (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Fire-Protection-Study-1-Executive-Summary-FINAL.pdf
  43. Better Together. (2015, June). Parks and Recreation (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/BT-Parks-and-Recreation-Report-FINAL.pdf
  44. Better Together. (2015, December). General Administration #1: The Cost of Fragmentation (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/BT-General-Administration-Study-1-FINAL.pdf
  45. Better Together. (2015, December). General Administration #2: Municipal Structure, Power, Funding and Operations (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Better-Together-General-Administration-Report-2-FINAL-.pdf
  46. Better Together. (2015, December). General Administration #2: Municipal Structure, Power, Funding and Operations (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Better-Together-General-Administration-Report-2-FINAL-.pdf
  47. Better Together. (2015, December). General Administration #3: Municipal Governance and Management (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/General-Administration-Report-Study-3-Final.pdf
  48. Better Together. (2015, December). General Administration #4: The Impact of Fragmentation on Civic Engagement (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/General-Administration-Study-4-Final.pdf
  49. Commonwealth of Kentucky State Board of Elections. (n.d.). “Kentucky Election Results 2010-2019.” Retrieved from http://elect.ky.gov/results/2010-2019/Pages/default.aspx
  50. Giegerich, S. (2016, May 25). “Vinita Park and Vinita Terrace poised to tie the knot.” St. Louis
  51. Patton, J. B. (2018, April 13). “Goodbye, Mackenzie Village!” South County Times. Retrieved from https://www.timesnewspapers.com/southcountytimes/features/goodbye-mackenzie-village/article_55a58bed-c3aa-52c3-8800-ee77698b3a7a.html
  52. United States Census Bureau. (n.d.). “U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: St. Louis City, Missouri; St. Louis County, Missouri.” Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/stlouiscitymissouri,stlouiscountymissouri/PST120217
  53. Better Together. (n.d.). St. Louis City-County Governance Task Force Town Hall Discussion – After Action Report (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.bettertogetherstl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/TaskForce_TownhallReport.pdf
  54. Ferguson Commission. (n.d.). “The Commission's Work.” Retrieved from https://stlpositivechange.org/commission-work
  55. The Ferguson Commission. (2015, October 14). Forward Through Ferguson: A Path Toward Racial Equity. Retrieved from https://3680or2khmk3bzkp33juiea1-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/101415_Fergu sonCommissionReport.pdf
  56. Cooksey, C., Dwight, D., IV, Furtado, K., Lancaster, A., & Ratinoff, E. (2018, April 15). Action Plan: Achieving an Equitable St. Louis (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.dropbox.com/s/veplk88tialjvnt/FTF_ActionPlan_Final_2up.pdf?dl=0
  57. Cooksey, C., Dwight, D., IV, Furtado, K., Lancaster, A., & Ratinoff, E. (2018, April 15). Action Plan: Achieving an Equitable St. Louis (Rep.). Retrieved from https://www.dropbox.com/s/veplk88tialjvnt/FTF_ActionPlan_Final_2up.pdf?dl=0
  58. Purnell, J., PhD, MPH, Camberos, G., MPH, & Fields, R., MPH. (2015). Executive Summary. A report on the health and well-being of African Americans in St. Louis and why it matters for everyone (Rep. p. 5). Retrieved from https://forthesakeofall.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/FSOA_report_2.pdf
  59. For the Sake of All. (2018, April 25). “St. Louis partners release community report on housing segregation in St. Louis” [Press release]. Retrieved from https://forthesakeofall.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/FINAL_press-release-for-housing-report-4-25-18.p df
  60. Purnell, J., PhD, MPH, Camberos, G., MPH, & Fields, R., MPH. (2015). A report on the health and well-being of African Americans in St. Louis and why it matters for everyone (Rep.). Retrieved from https://forthesakeofall.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/FSOA_report_2.pdf
  61. Giegerich, S. (2017, January 10). “State appellate court shoots down St. Louis County police standards legislation.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved from https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/metro/state-appellate-court-shoots-down-st-louis-county-police-standards/article_b07a545b-471c-540b-a4f1-71…
  62. Ross, W., MD, MPH. (2017, September 28). “Regional Governance Benefits the African American Community.” The St. Louis American. Retrieved from http://www.stlamerican.com/news/columnists/guest_columnists/regional-governance-benefits-the-african-american-community/article_0eb33bd2-a3fd-1…
  63. St. Louis Public Radio & PRX. (n.d.). We Live Here. [Podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.welivehere.show/
  64. Benoist, S., RPR, CSR. (n.d.). Ferguson Commission Meeting 8/24/15. Ferguson Commission Record of Proceedings. Retrieved from https://stlpositivechange.org/sites/stlpositivechange/files/082415Transcript.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2KWAtnwmWJQJfIqrk6LnjC7rSlT5PtmJtSjkZCtk5bxrpLmdk0d…
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